Gentes da Nação
The term "Portuguese Nation" captures the sense of peoplehood shared by inheritors of Iberian Jewish culture in the early modern period. In addition to Western Sephardic Jews living openly in Western Europe and the Caribbean, it included Spanish and Portuguese New Christians across the full spectrum between Catholic sincerity and crypto-Judaism. This made it a racial-ethnic identity that embraced gentiles and heterodox judaizers at the same time as it excluded Ashkenazim. With the rise of mercantilism, these "Men of the Nation" spread out across the world and founded complex international trade networks, transcending religious and political boundaries that other groups could not easily cross.
Diasporas within a Diaspora
Jews and Port Cities, 1590-1990
The Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West, 1450-1800
The Western Sephardim